Maxime Maufra

 


Maxime Maufra (1861 – 1918) learned how to paint in his birthplace Nantes, under the supervision of the local painters, the brothers Leduc and the landscape painter Charles Le Roux. During a visit to England Maufra was affected by the painting of Constable and Turner. Soon Maufra was also touched by Impressionism and he chooses landscapes and harbour views as favourite subjects for his paintings. As many other of his contemporaries he finds his inspiration at the coast of Bretagne, which he will visit frequently. In the year 1890 Maufra travels to Pont Aven where he meets Émile Bernard, Paul Serusier and Paul Gaugin and their influence and technique lead him to a more styled and synthetic form of painting.Within the painting ‘Le Hameau’ this influence and style are clearly visible. In terms of subject and technique this painting could be part of Impressionism, but as a result of the solid form and the more square-like structure of this composition, this canvas can be seen as part of post-impressionism.In 1892 Maufra occupies a studio in the famous ‘Bateau Lavoir’ in Montmartre, Paris. This building of artists studios offered working spaces to many famous painters, including Picasso, Van Dongen, Gris and Modigliani. It was also a meeting place for artists, collectors and a nesting place for new revolutionary thoughts, ideas and movements. After a successful exhibition at Galerie Le Barc de Bouteville in 1894 Maxime Maufra can now be seen as a new name in the world of art and in the same year Galerie Durand Ruel offers him a lifetime contract. After this offer Maufra decides to move back to Bretagne. It is here where he develops his more active and moving style of painting, while he never leaves his favourite subjects, the sea, the harbour and the landscapes.

Geer van Velde (1898-1977)